The first all-in-one ESG 401(k) is going live today, a plan catered to small employers with a short list of funds vetted by Morningstar Investment Management.
The company, along with Plan Administrators, Inc. (PAi), first announced the plan, known as a Pooled Employer Plan, or PEP, in October 2021. This week’s launch coincides with the Department of Labor’s new ESG rule going into effect, a detail that allows plans to consider ESG factors including – crucially – the default investment options, which most often are target-date funds.
“This is going to engage a certain set of investors that might historically have been on the sidelines,” said Brock Johnson, president of global retirement and workplace solutions at Morningstar. “They might not feel connected to their money in any way, and ESG gives them the opportunity to see what their money is doing.”
The plan includes 10 US mutual funds from several providers: Parnassus, Boston Trust Walden, Calvert, TIAA, Fidelity, Vanguard and RBC. Morningstar also has a custom target-date option that uses those funds as the underlying investments.
“Any fund in the PEP is subject to the same investment screens and due diligence that we apply in a non-ESG plan. You don’t get a pass for being an ESG-oriented strategy,” said Peter Di Teresa, head of manager selection for Morningstar Research Services.
Morningstar chooses the funds for the plan by screening a wide range of investments for expenses and risk, then determining if the remaining list of funds are appropriate for a retirement plan. It then considers funds based on Morningstar’s analyst and quantitative ratings as well as sustainability scores, the latter of which are based on material considerations, Di Teresa said.
A couple of options on the plan menu – the money market fund and Treasury Inflation Protected Securities fund – are not ESG-specific, as those categories don’t lend themselves to it, he said.
The plan will also include a mix of actively managed and index fund choices.
Although the investments in the plan exclude certain high-emitting holdings, such as coal, they do not exclude the fossil fuel business entirely. However, oil and gas companies that are in funds within the plan have better sustainability ratings than peers, Di Teresa said.
A new type of plan
PEPs are a relatively new kind of 401(k) that let unrelated employers participate in the same plan. The benefits of that arrangement are cost and professional management. For example, small businesses get better pricing on plan administration and investments than they might be able to secure on their own, and they hand off most of their fiduciary liability to the companies overseeing the plan.
“The complexity with ESG is that many plan sponsors may not have the resources to dive into the details,” Johnson said. “It’s not easy for them to make a decision.”
For the Morningstar ESG Pooled Employer Plan, PAi Trust acts as the pooled plan provider, or the sponsor to the PEP. That company oversees the plan’s administration, including the hiring and retention of the investment manager, Morningstar Investment Management.
That unit of Morningstar is the plan’s 3(38) fiduciary, which means that it bears full responsibility for selecting and monitoring the plan’s investment lineup. That leaves the only fiduciary liability for participating employers being their choice of the PEP itself.
PEPs could see a boost in demand because of requirements in a growing number of states for employers to provide retirement plans to their workers. States like California, Illinois and Oregon have their own government-sponsored IRAs, but PEPs are an alternative to those.
“You might see some larger plans that would want to move into something like this, but we continue to do a lot of business with startups,” said Amy Hermann, director of sales and marketing of PAi. “We do get quite a few requests on a weekly or monthly basis looking for ESG lineups.”
Costs for the Morningstar PEP include a setup fee of $390 and a $200 monthly administration charge for employers. Workers who participate in the PEP will pay a record keeping cost of $4 per month, an administration and trading fee of 7 basis points, a 25bp investment fiduciary fee, the investment management fees of funds they choose along with any fees set by advisers.
“It’s a cost-conscious offering,” Di Teresa said. “It’s appropriate everywhere, but it makes particular sense in the PEP universe.”
The plan debut comes days after half the states in the country filed a lawsuit against the DOL, seeking to block and dismantle the new ESG rule. However, lawyers who specialize in employee benefits said they see a difficult path for the litigation, as the rule was carefully drafted and does not require employers to consider ESG factors.
“This is good for investors,” Johnson said of the new plan. “This is more about choice than anything else.”